Dothideomycetes

Class of fungi

Dothideomycetes
The reproductive conidia of Venturia inaequalis erupting through the cuticle of a crabapple leaf
The reproductive conidia of Venturia inaequalis erupting through the cuticle of a crabapple leaf
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Subdivision: Pezizomycotina
(unranked): Leotiomyceta
(unranked): Dothideomyceta
Class: Dothideomycetes
O.E.Erikss. & Winka (1997)
Subclasses & orders

Dothideomycetidae

Aureoconidiellales
Capnodiales
Cladosporiales
Dothideales
Mycosphaerellales
Myriangiales
Phaeothecales

Pleosporomycetidae

Gloniales
Hysteriales
Mytilinidiales
Pleosporales

Incertae sedis

Abrothallales
Acrospermales
Asterinales
Aulographales
Botryosphaeriales
Catinellales
Cladoriellales
Collemopsidiales
Coniosporiales
Dyfrolomycetales
Eremithallales
Eremomycetales
Jahnulales
Kirschsteiniotheliales
Lembosinales
Lichenotheliales
Microthyriales
Minutisphaerales
Monoblastiales
Muyocopronales
Parmulariales
Patellariales
Phaeotrichales
Strigulales
Stigmatodiscales
Trypetheliales
Tubeufiales
Valsariales
Venturiales

Dothideomycetes is the largest and most diverse class of ascomycete fungi. It comprises 11 orders 90 families, 1,300 genera and over 19,000 known species.[1][2]
Wijayawardene et al. in 2020 added more orders to the class.[3]

Traditionally, most of its members were included in the loculoascomycetes, which is not part of the currently accepted classification.[4] This indicates that several traditional morphological features in the class are not unique and DNA sequence comparisons are important to define the class.[5]

The designation loculoascomycetes was first proposed for all fungi which have ascolocular development.[6] This type of development refers to the way in which the sexual structure, bearing the sexual spores (ascospores) forms. Dothideomycetes mostly produce flask-like structures referred to as pseudothecia, although other shape variations do exist (e.g. see structures found in Hysteriales). During ascolocular development pockets (locules) form first within the vegetative cells of the fungus and then all the subsequent structures form. These include the asci which, superficially, have a thicker outer layer through which a thinner inner layer ‘bursts’, like a jack-in-a-box to release the spores. These asci are therefore referred to as bitunicate (superficially, two layers) or fissitunicate (referring to spore release). After several DNA sequence comparisons it is now clear that another group of fungi which share these characteristics are distantly related. These are the “black yeasts” in subclass Chaetothyriomycetidae (Eurotiomycetes).[7] This means that loculoascomycetes did not constitute a natural group.

The best known members of this class are several important plant pathogens (like Phaeosphaeria nodorum and Venturia inaequalis). However, a majority of described species are either found as endophytes or saprobes growing on woody debris, decaying leaves or dung. A smaller number exist as lichens[8] and a single species, Cenococcum geophilum, can form mycorrhizal associations with plant roots.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  1. ^ .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free.id-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited.id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration.id-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription.id-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford: CABI. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.
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  6. ^ Luttrell ES, 1951. Taxonomy of Pyrenomycetes. University of Missouri Studies 24, 1–120.
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  9. ^ LoBuglio KF, Berbee ML, Taylor JW (1996). “Phylogenetic origins of the asexual mycorrhizal symbiont Cenococcum geophilum Fr. and other mycorrhizal fungi among the ascomycetes”. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 6 (2): 287–94. doi:10.1006/mpev.1996.0077. PMID 8899729.

External links[edit]

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