V Corps (Grande Armée)

Military Unit of Grande Armée

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V Corps
Active 1805–1807
1812–1814
Country  First French Empire
Branch  French Imperial Army
Size Corps
Engagements War of the Third Coalition
War of the Fourth Coalition
Russian campaign
War of the Sixth Coalition
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Jean-Baptiste Drouet
Jean Lannes
Jacques Lauriston
François Joseph Lefebvre
André Masséna
Édouard Mortier
Józef Poniatowski
Anne Jean Marie René Savary
Military unit

The V Corps of the Grande Armée was a French military unit that existed during the Napoleonic Wars. The corps was originally formed in 1805 and was reorganized several times until it was dissolved in 1814.

History[edit]

From 1805–1807, the corps composed mostly of French troops, and was commanded by Marshals Jean Lannes, Édouard Mortier, François Joseph Lefebvre, and André Masséna as well as Général de Division Anne Jean Marie René Savary.

Polish Corps d’Armée[edit]

In 1812, the V Corps was made up entirely of Polish soldiers from the Duchy of Warsaw under the command of General Józef Poniatowski. It was one of several non-French corps of the Grande Armée and at its peak consisted of around 36,000 soldiers. The corps took part in Napoleon’s invasion of Russia and fought in the Battle of Smolensk and the Battle of Borodino.[1]

The corps suffered heavy casualties during the retreat, but managed to reach Warsaw and was later reinforced with new recruits. In 1813, the corps was sent to Saxony, passing Bohemia. The corps was temporary disbanded with the remaining troops and Poniatowski reassigned to the VIII Corps.

Revival[edit]

After the disastrous Russian campaign, the V Corps was rebuilt in Magdeburg from newly formed French units in the spring of 1813. These troops were under the command of General Jacques Lauriston. Participating in the War of the Sixth Coalition the corps was disbanded again after Napoleon’s abdication.

Organization[edit]

The V Corps varied in strength and organization. In the beginning of each campaign it had:

  • 14,000 French in 1805
  • 18,000 French in 1806–1807
  • 36,000 Polish in 1812
  • 20,000 French in 1813

1805[edit]

  • Infantry Division – General Louis-Gabriel Suchet
  • Combined Grenadier Division – General Nicolas Oudinot[2]
    • 1st Brigade under Général de Brigade Mortièret
      • 2éme Régiment d’Infanterie de Ligne
      • 9éme Régiment d’Infanterie de Ligne
      • 11éme Régiment d’Infanterie de Ligne
      • 58éme Régiment d’Infanterie de Ligne
      • 81éme Régiment d’Infanterie de Ligne
    • 2nd Brigade
      • 2éme Régiment Légère
      • 3éme Régiment Légère
      • 28éme Régiment Légère
      • 31éme Régiment Légère
    • 3rd Brigade
      • 12éme Régiment Légère
      • 15éme Régiment Légère
  • Light Cavalry Division – General Anne-François-Charles Trelliard, then Antoine Charles Louis de Lasalle

1806–1807[edit]

  • Infantry Division – General Louis-Gabriel Suchet
  • Infantry Division – General Gazan
  • Light Cavalry Division – General Trelliard

1812[edit]

  • 16th Infantry Division – General Józef Zajączek, then Izydor Krasinski and Franciszek Paszkowski
  • 17th Infantry Division – General Jan Henryk Dąbrowski
  • 18th Infantry Division – General Ludwik Kamieniecki, then Karol Kniaziewicz
  • Cavalry Division – General Michal Ignacy Kamieński

1813[edit]

References[edit]

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  1. ^ .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free.id-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited.id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration.id-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription.id-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}Badone, Jean Cerino; et al. “Battle of Borodino, 1812 – Armies. “French and Russian Orders of Battle”. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
  2. ^ George Nafziger, Oudinot’s Grenadier Advanced Guard Division 8 September 1805, United States Army Combined Arms Center.

Sources[edit]

  • Rapp, Jean, comte (1823). Memoirs of General Count Rapp, first aide-de-camp to Napoleon. London, UK: Rapp family.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  • Town notes of Strasbourg
  • Letters of Napoleon
  • Couderc Napoléon, ses dernières armées page 504 Bis, situation V Corps on 26 April 1815



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