Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham

18th-century English diplomat and politician

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The Lord Grantham
Leader of the House of Commons
In office
23 March 1754 – October 1755
Preceded by Henry Pelham
Succeeded by Henry Fox
Secretary of State for the Southern Department
In office
23 March 1754 – October 1755
Preceded by The Earl of Holderness
Succeeded by Henry Fox
Personal details
Born 1695
Grantham, England
Died 30 September 1770 (aged 74/75)
Cause of death Stroke
Political party Whig
Spouse Frances Worsley
Children 8
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge
Arms of Robinson: Vert, a chevron between three bucks at gaze or

Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham, KB, PC (c. 1695 – 30 September 1770), of Newby, Yorkshire, was a British diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1727 and 1761.

Early life[edit]

Robinson was a younger son of Sir William Robinson, Bt (1655–1736) of Newby-on-Swale, Yorkshire, who was Member of Parliament for York from 1697 to 1722. His elder brother was Rear Admiral Sir Tancred Robinson. He had been a scholar and minor fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.[1][2]

Career[edit]

Robinson gained his earliest diplomatic experience in Paris.[1] At the 1727 British general election he was returned as Member of Parliament for Thirsk on the Frankland interest, after his eldest brother, for whom the seat had originally been intended, resigned his pretensions to him. He was absent, presumably on account of his diplomatic duties, from all the recorded divisions of that Parliament.[3] After Paris he went to Vienna, where he was English ambassador from 1730 to 1748. During 1741 he sought to make peace between the empress Maria Theresa and Frederick the Great, but in vain, and in 1748 he represented his country at the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle.[1] He was made a Knight Companion of the Bath in 1742.[citation needed]

Returning to England Robinson sat in parliament for Christchurch from 1749 to 1761. In 1750, he was appointed to the Privy Council.[3]

Southern Secretary[edit]

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Caricature of George Bubb Dodington and Sir Thomas Robinson

In 1754 Robinson was appointed Secretary of State for the Southern Department and Leader of the House of Commons by the prime minister, the Duke of Newcastle, and it was on this occasion that Pitt made the famous remark to Fox, “the duke might as well have sent us his jackboot to lead us.” In November 1755 he resigned, and in April 1761 he was created Baron Grantham.[1]

Later career[edit]

He was Master of the Great Wardrobe 1749–1754 and again 1755–1760, and was joint Postmaster-General in 1765 and 1766. He died in London on 30 September 1770.[1]

He married Frances, daughter of Thomas Worsley of Hovingham, on 13 July 1737, and had two sons and six daughters. He was succeeded in the peerage by his eldest son Thomas.

The town of Grantham, New Hampshire in the United States of America is named after Robinson.

References[edit]

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  1. ^ a b c d e  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free.id-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited.id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration.id-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription.id-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). “Grantham, Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron“. Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 359.
  2. ^ “Robinson, Thomas (RBN712T)”. A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ a b “ROBINSON, Thomas (1695–1770), of Newby, Yorks”. History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 28 April 2019.

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Thirsk
17271734
With: Sir Thomas Frankland
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Christchurch
1748–1761
With: Charles Armand Powlett 1748–1751
Lord Harry Powlett 1751–1754
Hon. John Mordaunt 1754–1761
Succeeded by

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by

British Ambassador to Austria
1730–1748
Succeeded by

Court offices
Preceded by

Master of the Great Wardrobe
1749–1754
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Master of the Great Wardrobe
1755–1760
Succeeded by

Political offices
Preceded by

Secretary of State for the Southern Department
1754–1755
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Leader of the House of Commons
1754–1755
Preceded by

Postmaster-General
1765–1766
With: The Earl of Bessborough
Succeeded by

Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Grantham
1761–1770
Succeeded by