Thomas Osborne, 4th Duke of Leeds

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The Duke of Leeds

The Duke of Leeds, c. 1740s
Personal details
Born (1713-11-06)6 November 1713
Died 23 March 1789(1789-03-23) (aged 75)
Spouse Lady Mary Osborne
Children Francis Osborne, 5th Duke of Leeds
Parents .mw-parser-output .plainlist ol,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul{line-height:inherit;list-style:none;margin:0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .plainlist ol li,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul li{margin-bottom:0}

The Duke of Leeds as a child, in Highland costume, with a targe, a sword and a pistol beside him, in a landscape, oil on canvas, by Hans Hausing, 1726
Quartered coat of arms of Thomas Osborne, 4th Duke of Leeds, KG
Ancestral arms of the Osborne family, Dukes of Leeds

Thomas Osborne, 4th Duke of Leeds, KG, PC, DL, FRS (6 November 1713 – 23 March 1789),[1] styled Earl of Danby from birth until 1729 and subsequently Marquess of Carmarthen until 1731, was a British peer, politician and judge.

Background[edit]

He was the older and only surviving son of Peregrine Osborne, 3rd Duke of Leeds and his first wife Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer.[2] Osborne was educated at Westminster School and then Christ Church, Oxford, where he matriculated in 1731.[3] In the same year, he succeeded his father as duke.[4] Osborne received a Doctorate of Civil Law in 1738[3] and became a Fellow of the Royal Society a year later.[5]

Career[edit]

Osborne became a Lord of the Bedchamber in 1748 and was appointed Justice in Eyre south of Trent in November of the same year.[6] In June 1749, he was made a Knight of the Order of the Garter and in 1756, resigning from his post as justice, was nominated Cofferer of the Household.[7] He was sworn of the Privy Council of Great Britain a year later and became Justice in Eyre north of Trent in 1761, an office he held until 1774.[6] Osborne was a Deputy Lieutenant of the West Riding of the County of Yorkshire.[8]

Family[edit]

On 26 June 1740, he married Lady Mary Godolphin, second daughter of Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin and his wife Henrietta Godolphin (née Churchill), 2nd Duchess of Marlborough, and had by her three sons and a daughter.[2] Osborne died 23 March 1789, aged 73, at St James’s Square and was buried in the Osborne family chapel at All Hallows Church, Harthill, South Yorkshire.[3] He was succeeded in his titles by his third and only surviving son Francis.[2]

Among his children were:

References[edit]

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  1. ^ .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free.id-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited.id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration.id-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription.id-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}“Leigh Rayment – Peerage”. Archived from the original on 8 June 2008. Retrieved 30 July 2009.
  2. ^ a b c Debrett, John (1828). Debrett’s Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol. I (17th ed.). London: G. Woodfall. p. 19.
  3. ^ a b c Cokayne, George Edward (1887). Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom. Vol. V. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 37.
  4. ^ “ThePeerage – Thomas Osborne, 4th Duke of Leeds”. Retrieved 31 March 2007.
  5. ^ “Royal Society – Library and Archive catalogue”. Retrieved 30 July 2009.
  6. ^ a b Collins, Arthur (1812). Sir Egerton Brydges (ed.). Collins’s Peerage of England. Vol. I. London: F. C. and J. Rivington et al. p. 260.
  7. ^ Haydn, Joseph (1851). Beatson’s Political Index modernised: The Book of Dignities; Containing Rolls of the Official Personages of the British Empire. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longman’s. p. 214.
  8. ^ Doyle, James Edmund (1886). The Official Baronage of England. Vol. II. London: Longmans, Green & Co. p. 329.
  9. ^ The Register of Births & Baptisms in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster Vol. IV. 1741-1760. 13 November 1744.
  10. ^ The Register of Marriages (and Burials) belonging to St James’s Westminster. 1723-1754. 16 November 1744.
  11. ^ The Register of Births & Baptisms in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster Vol. IV. 1741-1760. 5 October 1747 & 28 October 1747.
  12. ^ The Register of Births & Baptisms in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster Vol. IV. 1741-1760. 29 January 1750.
Legal offices
Preceded by

Justice in Eyre
south of Trent

1748–1756
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Justice in Eyre
north of Trent

1761–1774
Succeeded by

Political offices
Preceded by

Cofferer of the Household
1756–1761
Succeeded by

Peerage of England
Preceded by

Duke of Leeds
1731–1789
Succeeded by

Baron Osborne
(descended by acceleration)

1731–1776