Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden

Irish Tory politician and knight

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The Earl of Roden
Treasurer of the Household
In office
March 1812 – 29 July 1812
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Hon. Spencer Perceval
The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by The Earl of Courtown
Succeeded by Lord Charles Bentinck
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
In office
28 July 1812 – 9 April 1827
Monarchs George III
George IV
Prime Minister The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by The Earl of Yarmouth
Succeeded by The Marquess of Graham
Personal details
Born (1788-10-27)27 October 1788
Died 20 March 1870(1870-03-20) (aged 81)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Nationality British
Political party Tory
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Hon. Maria Stapleton

(m. 1813; died 1861)​

Clementina Reilly

(m. 1862)​


Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden, KP PC PC (Ire) (27 October 1788 – 20 March 1870), styled Viscount Jocelyn between 1797 and 1820, was an Irish Tory politician and supporter of Protestant causes.


The 3rd Earl of Roden, painted by Frederick Richard Say, c. 1830.

Jocelyn was the son of Robert Jocelyn, 2nd Earl of Roden, and his first wife Frances Theodosia, daughter of the Very Reverend Robert Bligh, Dean of Elphin.[1][2]

Political career[edit]

An ardent conservative, Jocelyn was Member of Parliament for County Louth from 1806 to 1807 and again from 1810 to 1820, when he succeeded his father in the earldom. In March 1812 he was sworn of the Privy Council[3] and appointed Treasurer of the Household under Spencer Perceval,[3] an office he retained when Lord Liverpool became Prime Minister in June 1812 after Perceval’s assassination. In July 1812 he was made Vice-Chamberlain of the Household,[4] a post he held until the Liverpool administration fell in 1827.

In 1821 he was created Baron Clanbrassil, of Hyde Hall in the County of Hertford and Dundalk in the County of Louth,[5] in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which entitled him to an automatic seat in the House of Lords. The same year, on 20 August 1821, he was also appointed a Knight of the Order of St Patrick.[6] In 1858 he was sworn of the Irish Privy Council.[7]

Supporter of Protestant causes[edit]

Despite Lord Roden’s political career, he is best remembered for his strong support for Protestant causes in the north of Ireland and elsewhere. He supported religious societies such as the Hibernian Bible Society, the Sunday School Society, the Evangelical Alliance and the Protestant Orphan Society, and also conducted service in the private chapel at Tullymore Park, Castlewellan, County Down, his chief residence in Ireland. He was an important leader in the Orange Order, eventually rising to the rank of Grand Master, and was described as a “diehard Unionist”.[1]

However, in 1849 a clash took part between Orangeman and Roman Catholics at Dolly’s Brae, near Castlewellan, in which several people were killed after he had invited the Orangemen onto his estate and addressed them, urging them to “do their duty as loyal, Protestant men”. A commission was set up to examine the event, and severely criticised Roden for his conduct. As a result of this, he was removed from his position as a member of the Commission of the Peace.[1]


Lord Roden was twice married. He married firstly the Hon. Maria Frances Catherine (c. 1793 – 25 February 1861), daughter of Thomas Stapleton, 12th Baron le Despencer, on 9 January 1813. They had three sons and three daughters.

Lord Roden’s eldest son, Robert Jocelyn, Viscount Jocelyn, was also a politician, but predeceased his father. After Roden’s first wife’s death on 25 February 1861, he married secondly Clementina Janet, daughter of Thomas Andrews, of Greenknowes, and widow of Captain Robert Lushington Reilly, of Scarva, County Down, on 16 August 1862. They had no children. In later life Lord Roden spent time in Edinburgh, Scotland, to improve his health. He died there in March 1870, aged 81, and was succeeded in the earldom by his grandson Robert, son of the late Viscount Jocelyn. The Countess of Roden died on 9 July 1903.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output a{background:url(“//”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output a,.mw-parser-output a{background:url(“//”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output a{background:url(“//”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit} .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F} .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error, .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){ .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error, .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397} .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}Lee, Sidney, ed. (1892). “Jocelyn, Robert (1788-1870)” . Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 29. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  2. ^ Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden
  3. ^ a b “No. 16586”. The London Gazette. 24 March 1812. p. 561.
  4. ^ “No. 16632”. The London Gazette. 11 August 1812. p. 1579.
  5. ^ “No. 17724”. The London Gazette. 14 July 1821. p. 1461.
  6. ^ Rayment, Leigh. “Knights of the Order of St Patrick”. Archived from the original on 7 June 2008. Retrieved 13 December 2008.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  7. ^ Privy Counsellors – Ireland[usurped]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by

Member of Parliament for County Louth
With: John Foster
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Member of Parliament for County Louth
With: John Foster
Succeeded by

Political offices
Preceded by

Treasurer of the Household
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
Succeeded by

Honorary titles
Preceded by

Senior Privy Counsellor
Succeeded by

Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by

Earl of Roden
Succeeded by

Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Clanbrassil
Succeeded by