Nyons

Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct,.mw-parser-output .geo-inline-hidden{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}44°21′37″N 5°08′23″E / 44.3603°N 5.1397°E / 44.3603; 5.1397

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Subprefecture and commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

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Nyons
A general view of Nyons

A general view of Nyons
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Coat of arms of Nyons

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Location of Nyons
Map
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Nyons is located in France

Nyons
Nyons

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Nyons is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Nyons
Nyons

Show map of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct,.mw-parser-output .geo-inline-hidden{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}44°21′37″N 5°08′23″E / 44.3603°N 5.1397°E / 44.3603; 5.1397
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Drôme
Arrondissement Nyons
Canton Nyons et Baronnies
Government

 • Mayor .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}(2020–2026) Pierre Combes[1]
Area

1
23.45 km2 (9.05 sq mi)
Population

 (2021)[2]
6,771
 • Density 290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
26220 /26110
Elevation 234–940 m (768–3,084 ft)
(avg. 270 m or 890 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Nyons (.mw-parser-output .IPA-label-small{font-size:85%}.mw-parser-output .references .IPA-label-small,.mw-parser-output .infobox .IPA-label-small,.mw-parser-output .navbox .IPA-label-small{font-size:100%}French pronunciation: [njɔ̃s]; Occitan: Niòns) is a commune in the Drôme department in southeastern France.

History[edit]

Roman bridge near Nyons

Nyons was settled in the 6th century BC as Nyrax by a Gallic tribe, probably the Segusiavi or the Sequani. Hecataeus of Miletus mentioned Nyrax around 500 BC when writing about the Celts.
It is situated next to the river Aigues or Eygues, which is crossed by an ancient bridge.

Nyons has a very mild microclimate, which makes it a good place for people suffering from respiratory problems, for which there is a special clinic. It is famed for its olives (which have PDO status[3]).

Nyons is a sub-prefecture of the department. It features two collèges and a lycée; as well as important shopping facilities and touristic attractions. Villages that are facilitated by Nyons are situated within an area of about 20 to 30 km (19 mi), such as Les Pilles, Aubres, Venterol and Mirabel-aux-Baronnies.

Geography[edit]

Nyons is located close to the boundary of the Vaucluse department.

The commune is situated around 70 km south of Valence, the prefecture of the Drôme department, 40 km south-east of Montélimar, 45 km north-east of Orange, and 70 km north of Avignon, the prefecture of the Vaucluse department.

A map of the commune.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1793 2,700 —    
1800 2,724 +0.13%
1806 2,744 +0.12%
1821 3,040 +0.69%
1831 3,397 +1.12%
1836 3,208 −1.14%
1841 3,251 +0.27%
1846 3,450 +1.20%
1851 3,590 +0.80%
1856 3,633 +0.24%
1861 3,653 +0.11%
1866 3,611 −0.23%
1872 3,623 +0.06%
1876 3,579 −0.31%
1881 3,222 −2.08%
1886 3,534 +1.87%
1891 3,349 −1.07%
1896 3,611 +1.52%
1901 3,638 +0.15%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1906 3,514 −0.69%
1911 3,507 −0.04%
1921 3,150 −1.07%
1926 3,157 +0.04%
1931 3,246 +0.56%
1936 3,500 +1.52%
1946 3,576 +0.22%
1954 3,637 +0.21%
1962 4,270 +2.03%
1968 4,982 +2.60%
1975 5,607 +1.70%
1982 6,061 +1.12%
1990 6,353 +0.59%
1999 6,723 +0.63%
2007 7,109 +0.70%
2012 6,632 −1.38%
2017 6,793 +0.48%
2020 6,737 −0.28%
Source: EHESS[4] and INSEE (1968-2020)[5]

Sights[edit]

International relations[edit]

Nyons is twinned with:[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

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  • Philis de La Charce (1645-1703) : a French war hero in the Dauphiné region of France during the Nine Years’ War, which was waged 1688–1697.
  • Joseph Roumanille (1818-1891) : Provençal poet, he lived in Nyons from 1843 to 1844.
  • Clair Tisseur (1827-1896) : French architect whose best known work is Église du Bon-Pasteur, a prominent Romanesque Revival church in the 1st arrondissement of Lyon. He is also remembered as a historian, linguist, biographer, poet, novelist, journalist, moralist, and satirist.
  • Adrien Bertrand (1888-1917) : Novelist known for his surrealist anti-war novels, awarded the Prix Goncourt for his novel L’Appel du sol.
  • René Barjavel (1911-1985) : Author, journalist and critic, best known as a science fiction author.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  1. ^ .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free.id-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited.id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration.id-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription.id-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}“Répertoire national des élus: les maires” (in French). data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 13 September 2022.
  2. ^ “Populations légales 2021”. The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2023.
  3. ^ Olives noires de Nyons – Profile, EU PDO/PGI Database (Accessed 27 July 2010)
  4. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d’aujourd’hui: Commune data sheet Nyons, EHESS (in French).
  5. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External links[edit]

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