Myeik, Myanmar

Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct,.mw-parser-output .geo-inline-hidden{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}12°26′N 98°36′E / 12.433°N 98.600°E / 12.433; 98.600
City in Tanintharyi Region, Myanmar

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Place in Tanintharyi Region, Myanmar

.mw-parser-output .infobox-subbox{padding:0;border:none;margin:-3px;width:auto;min-width:100%;font-size:100%;clear:none;float:none;background-color:transparent}.mw-parser-output .infobox-3cols-child{margin:auto}.mw-parser-output .infobox .navbar{font-size:100%}body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .infobox-header,body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .infobox-subheader,body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .infobox-above,body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .infobox-title,body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .infobox-image,body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .infobox-full-data,body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .infobox-below{text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement{width:23em;border-collapse:collapse;line-height:1.2em}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement td,.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement th{border-top:1px solid #a2a9b1;padding:0.4em 0.6em 0.4em 0.6em}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .mergedtoprow .infobox-full-data,.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .mergedtoprow .infobox-header,.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .mergedtoprow .infobox-data,.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .mergedtoprow .infobox-label,.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .mergedtoprow .infobox-below{border-top:1px solid #a2a9b1;padding:0.4em 0.6em 0.2em 0.6em}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .mergedrow .infobox-full-data,.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .mergedrow .infobox-data,.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .mergedrow .infobox-label{border:0;padding:0 0.6em 0.2em 0.6em}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .mergedbottomrow .infobox-full-data,.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .mergedbottomrow .infobox-data,.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .mergedbottomrow .infobox-label{border-top:0;border-bottom:1px solid #a2a9b1;padding:0 0.6em 0.4em 0.6em}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .maptable{border:0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .infobox-header,.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .infobox-below{text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .infobox-above{font-size:125%;line-height:1.3em}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement .infobox-subheader{background-color:#cddeff;font-weight:bold}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement-native{font-weight:normal;padding-top:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement-other-name{font-size:78%}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement-official{font-weight:bold}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement-caption{padding:0.3em 0 0 0}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement-caption-link{padding:0.2em 0}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement-nickname{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .ib-settlement-fn{font-weight:normal;display:inline}

မြိတ်
.mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}မြိတ်မြို့
Myeik
.mw-parser-output .locmap .od{position:absolute}.mw-parser-output .locmap .id{position:absolute;line-height:0}.mw-parser-output .locmap .l0{font-size:0;position:absolute}.mw-parser-output .locmap .pv{line-height:110%;position:absolute;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .locmap .pl{line-height:110%;position:absolute;top:-0.75em;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output .locmap .pr{line-height:110%;position:absolute;top:-0.75em;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .locmap .pv>div{display:inline;padding:1px}.mw-parser-output .locmap .pl>div{display:inline;padding:1px;float:right}.mw-parser-output .locmap .pr>div{display:inline;padding:1px;float:left}

မြိတ် is located in Myanmar

မြိတ်
မြိတ်
Location in Myanmar
Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct,.mw-parser-output .geo-inline-hidden{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}12°26′N 98°36′E / 12.433°N 98.600°E / 12.433; 98.600
Country  Myanmar
Region Tanintharyi Region
District Myeik District
Township Myeik Township
Population

 (2014)
 • Total 284,498
Time zone UTC+06:30 (MMT)
Petition to the British Governor of Burma from the people of Myeik. Letter in formal Burmese, printed in silk and encased in an oyster shell, ca. 1907. British Library

Myeik (Burmese: .mw-parser-output .script-myanmar{line-height:100%;font-family:”Noto Sans Myanmar”,Pyidaungsu,”Myanmar Text”,Myanmar3,Myanmar2,Myanmar1,Padauk,mm3web,TharLon,”Masterpiece Uni Sans”,Parabaik,Yunghkio,Thanlwin,”Win Uni Innwa”,”MyMyanmar Unicode”,”WinUni Innwa”}မြိတ်; MLCTS: mrit, .mw-parser-output .IPA-label-small{font-size:85%}.mw-parser-output .references .IPA-label-small,.mw-parser-output .infobox .IPA-label-small,.mw-parser-output .navbox .IPA-label-small{font-size:100%}pronounced [mjeɪʔ] or [beɪʔ]; Mon: ဗိက်, [pòik]; Thai: มะริด, RTGSMarit, [má(ʔ).rít]; formerly Mergui, /mɜːrˈɡw/) is a rural city in Tanintharyi Region, Myanmar, located in the extreme south of the country on the coast off an island on the Andaman Sea. As of 2010[update], the estimated population was over 209,000.[1] Myeik is the largest city in Tanintharyi Region, and serves as the regional headquarters of Myanmar Navy‘s Tanintharyi Regional Command. The area inland from the city is a major smuggling corridor into Thailand. The Singkhon Pass, also known as the Maw-daung Pass, has an international cross-border checkpoint.[2]

History[edit]

Myeik was the southernmost part of the Pagan Kingdom between the 11th and 13th centuries. After the Pagan Empire’s collapse in 1287, Myeik became part of successive Thai kingdoms from the late 13th century to the middle of 18th century: first the Sukhothai Kingdom and later the Ayutthaya Kingdom. A brief period of Burmese rule interrupted this between 1564 and 1593.

From the 16th century on, the city was an important seaport and trading center with the Europeans, who would land at Mergui, travel upriver to Tenasserim and then cross the mountains to reach Ayutthaya. The French officer Chevalier de Beauregard was made Governor of the city of Myeik after the Anglo-Siamese War (1687) that resulted in the English being expelled from Siam.[3] De Beauregard was named Governor by Narai, the king of the Ayutthaya Kingdom, replacing an Englishman, Samuel White.[4] The French were then expelled from Myeik following the Siamese revolution of 1688.

The Burmese captured Myeik in 1765 as part of an invasion that would ultimately topple the Ayutthaya Kingdom in 1767. In 1826, the Burmese ceded the region to the British after the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824–1826).

In the Pacific Theater of World War II, Imperial Japanese forces used laborers to construct the Mergui Road to aid their retreat after rail line were destroyed by Allied bombings.

Clock Tower

Climate[edit]

Myeik has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am) that is hot throughout the year. After a short dry season centred on December and January, there is a long wet season from mid-March to mid-November. Heavy rainfall usually occurs from May to September.

Climate data for Myeik (1991–2020, extremes 1934-1994)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.0
(95.0)
36.1
(97.0)
37.2
(99.0)
37.2
(99.0)
36.7
(98.1)
36.7
(98.1)
33.9
(93.0)
33.9
(93.0)
32.8
(91.0)
35.6
(96.1)
34.4
(93.9)
36.1
(97.0)
37.2
(99.0)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 32.2
(90.0)
33.0
(91.4)
33.7
(92.7)
34.3
(93.7)
32.4
(90.3)
30.6
(87.1)
29.8
(85.6)
29.4
(84.9)
29.9
(85.8)
31.5
(88.7)
32.5
(90.5)
32.1
(89.8)
31.8
(89.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.1
(80.8)
27.9
(82.2)
28.9
(84.0)
29.6
(85.3)
28.6
(83.5)
27.4
(81.3)
26.8
(80.2)
26.6
(79.9)
26.8
(80.2)
27.7
(81.9)
27.9
(82.2)
27.1
(80.8)
27.7
(81.9)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
22.8
(73.0)
24.0
(75.2)
25.0
(77.0)
24.9
(76.8)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75.0)
23.8
(74.8)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.3
(73.9)
22.1
(71.8)
23.6
(74.5)
Record low °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
15.6
(60.1)
16.1
(61.0)
18.9
(66.0)
19.4
(66.9)
19.4
(66.9)
18.9
(66.0)
18.9
(66.0)
18.9
(66.0)
17.2
(63.0)
15.0
(59.0)
12.8
(55.0)
11.7
(53.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37.5
(1.48)
43.7
(1.72)
64.7
(2.55)
123.9
(4.88)
448.0
(17.64)
706.9
(27.83)
836.0
(32.91)
876.4
(34.50)
635.2
(25.01)
333.0
(13.11)
59.8
(2.35)
23.0
(0.91)
4,188.1
(164.89)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 2.4 3.3 5.7 8.4 20.7 25.6 27.4 27.3 25.1 20.1 5.9 1.9 173.9
Average relative humidity (%) 72 72 72 72 82 88 90 90 89 83 76 72 80
Source 1: World Meteorological Organization[5]
Source 2: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial (records),[6] Danish Meteorological Institute (humidity 1931–1960)[7]

Demographics[edit]

The inhabitants of the city are descended from many ethnic groups, including Burman, Burmese Indian, Burmese Chinese, Karen, Mon, and Moken. They speak a dialect of the Burmese language known as the Myeik dialect. According to the 2014 census, Myeik has a total population of 284,498.[8]

Attractions[edit]

Myeik is home to notable several Burmese pagodas, the largest of which is the Theindawgyi Pagoda and Paw Daw Mu Pagoda is famous too.[9]

Economy[edit]

Port of Myeik

The population is primarily engaged in resource extraction industries like fishing, the production of natural rubber and coconuts, the collection of edible bird’s nests, and pearl farming. Seafood products like dried fish, dried prawn and ngapi (shrimp paste) are other industries. Myeik is a gateway to the 800 offshore islands of the Mergui Archipelago, which are developing a tourist trade. Tourism in the area is currently restricted to cruises, as land based accommodations are currently non-existent on the islands.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Health care[edit]

  • Datkhina Dipar Hospital (12.444978, 98.610848)
  • Myeik Public Hospital (12.462990, 98.611030)
  • Myint Mo Hospital
  • Shwe Tara Phu Hospital
  • Taw Win Hospital

Security[edit]

  • Myeik Police Station (12.437512, 98.598449)

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  1. ^ .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free.id-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited.id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration.id-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription.id-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}“Myanmar: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population:calculation 2010”. Archived from the original on September 19, 2012. World Gazetteer
  2. ^ Maw-daung Pass
  3. ^ Smithies 2002, p. 99.
  4. ^ Anderson 1890, p. 365.
  5. ^ “World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1991–2020”. World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 16 October 2023.
  6. ^
    “Mergui (Myanmar)” (PDF). Centro de Investigaciones.
  7. ^ Cappelen, John; Jensen, Jens. “Myanmar – Mergui” (PDF). Climate Data for Selected Stations (1931-1960) (in Danish). Danish Meteorological Institute. p. 188. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 April 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  8. ^ “Myeik (District, Myanmar) – Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location”. www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2017-10-24.
  9. ^ “Myeik Archipelago – Myeik Archipelago”. myanmar.gov.mm. Retrieved 2020-05-27.

Bibliography[edit]

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External links[edit]



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