Lord Frederick Campbell

Scottish nobleman and politician

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Frederick Campbell

Portrait of Campbell by Henry Raeburn, c. 1810.
Rector of the University of Glasgow
In office
1772–1773
Preceded by Robert Ord
Succeeded by The Lord Cathcart
Lord Clerk Register
In office
1768–1816
Preceded by Sir Gilbert Elliot, 2nd Baronet
Succeeded by Archibald Colquhoun
Chief Secretary for Ireland
In office
1767–1768
Preceded by Theophilus Jones
Succeeded by Sir George Macartney
Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland
In office
1765
Preceded by James Stuart-Mackenzie
Succeeded by The Earl of Breadalbane and Holland
Member of Parliament
(House of Commons of the United Kingdom)
In office
1789–1799
Monarch George III
Preceded by Adam Livingston
Succeeded by Lord John Campbell
Constituency Argyllshire
In office
1780–1781
Monarch George III
Preceded by Sir Archibald Edmonstone, Bt
Succeeded by George Elphinstone
Constituency Dunbartonshire
In office
1761–1780
Monarch George III
Preceded by Marquess of Lorne
Succeeded by John Craufurd
Constituency Glasgow Burghs
Member of Parliament
(Irish House of Commons)
In office
1768–1776

Monarch George III
Preceded by Thomas Radcliffe
Succeeded by John Hamilton
Constituency St Canice
In office
1767–1768

Serving with Thomas Eyre
Monarch George III
Preceded by Alexander McAuley
Thomas Eyre
Succeeded by James Agar
Thomas Maunsell
Constituency Thomastown
Personal details
Born (1729-06-20)20 June 1729
Died 8 June 1816(1816-06-08) (aged 86)
Queen Street, Mayfair, London, United Kingdom
Spouse .mw-parser-output .marriage-line-margin2px{line-height:0;margin-bottom:-2px}.mw-parser-output .marriage-line-margin3px{line-height:0;margin-bottom:-3px}.mw-parser-output .marriage-display-ws{display:inline;white-space:nowrap}

(m. .mw-parser-output .tooltip-dotted{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}1769; died 1807)​

Parents .mw-parser-output .plainlist ol,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul{line-height:inherit;list-style:none;margin:0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .plainlist ol li,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul li{margin-bottom:0}

Education Westminster School
Christ Church, Oxford

Lord Frederick Campbell MP PC FRS (20 June 1729 – 8 June 1816) was a Scottish nobleman and politician. He was Lord Clerk Register of Scotland, 1768–1816; Member of Parliament (MP) for Glasgow Burghs (1761–1780) and for Argyllshire (1780–1799).

Biography[edit]

Frederick Campbell was the third son of John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll, and his wife, Mary, daughter of John Bellenden, 2nd Lord Bellenden. Lord Frederick was educated at Westminster School (1743-6) and Christ Church, Oxford (1747) before entering Middle Temple (1751) and being called to the Bar in 1754.[1]

Although his father had intended him for the parliamentary seat of Ayr Burghs, he instead succeeded his brother Lord Lorne to the seat of Glasgow Burghs in 1761.[1]

In 1765, being very intimate with Mr. Grenville, Lord Frederick was active in the arrangements for transferring the prerogatives and rights of the Duke of Atholl in the Isle of Man (then a nest of smugglers), to the Crown, and in fixing the compensation to be given; but he felt and complained that the compensation was inadequate.[2]

In the same year (1765) Lord Frederick was for a few months Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland but resigned in July following the dismissal of the Grenville administration and was succeeded in the office by Lord Breadalbane. Lord Frederick was sworn of the privy council 29 May 1765, made Lord Clerk Register for Scotland in 1768, and confirmed in that office for life in 1777. In 1774 Lord Frederick had laid the foundation-stone for a register house at Edinburgh, and procured a permanent establishment for keeping the records, and received the thanks of the court of session.[2] He was elected Rector of Glasgow University for 1772–73.

Lord Frederick sat in the Irish House of Commons for Thomastown from 1767 to 1768 and for St Canice from 1768 and 1776.[3]

In 1778 he was appointed colonel of the Western regiment of Fencible Men (Argyle Fencibles).[4] In 1786 a member of the board of control for India, and from 1787 to 1793 the joint Vice-Treasurer of Ireland under George, Viscount Townshend, the Lord-lieutenant.[2] As a member of parliament he seems to have been reticent; but it was on his motion in 1796 that Henry Addington was elected speaker of the Great British Parliament. He was treasurer of the Middle Temple in 1803. He died 8 June 1816 in Queen Street, Mayfair.[2]

Family[edit]

Combe Bank – now a school

Lord Frederick was married, 28 March 1769, to Mary, youngest daughter of Mr. Amos Meredith of Henbury, Cheshire, sister of Sir William Meredith, 3rd Baronet, and widow of the infamous Laurence Shirley, 4th Earl Ferrers. She was burnt to death in a fire at their house, Combe Bank, Kent, in 1807.[2] They had two daughters, one of whom, Mary, married Captain Donald Campbell of Barbreck.[5] In 1752 Horace Walpole reported that Campbell was the love interest of society hostess Viscountess Etheldreda Townshend.[6]

On 7 November 1793 he was made as a Fellow of the Royal Society.[note 1]

Lord Frederick had inherited Combe Bank (or Coombe Bank), near Sevenoaks, Kent, on the death of his father in 1770. His daughter sold the estate to William Manning, MP after his death.

Legacy[edit]

A Canadian school was named after him.[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

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  1. ^ a b .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free.id-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited.id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration.id-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription.id-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}“History of Parliament”. History of Parliament. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e Hamilton 1886, p. 195.
  3. ^ “Biographies of Members of the Irish Parliament 1692-1800”. Ulster Historical Foundation. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
  4. ^ “War Office”. Caledonian Mercury – Wednesday 30 September 1778. p. 2.
  5. ^ John Burke (1833). A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland. pp. 565.
  6. ^ “Townshend [née Harrison], Etheldreda [Audrey], Viscountess Townshend (c. 1708–1788), society hostess”. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/68358. Retrieved 14 October 2020. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

References[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Glasgow Burghs
17611780
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Dunbartonshire
1780–1781
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Argyllshire
1789–1799
Succeeded by

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Thomastown
1767–1768
With: Thomas Eyre
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Member of Parliament for St Canice
1768–1776
With: Eland Mossom 1768–1774
Thomas Radcliffe 1774–1776
Succeeded by

Political offices
Preceded by

Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland
1765
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Chief Secretary for Ireland
1767–1768
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Lord Clerk Register
1768–1816
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Vice-Treasurer of Ireland
1787–1793
With: Earl of Mount Edgcumbe
Succeeded by

Academic offices
Preceded by

Rector of the University of Glasgow
1772–1773
Succeeded by