Largo, Fife

Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct,.mw-parser-output .geo-inline-hidden{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}56°12′50″N 2°56′28″W / 56.214°N 2.941°W / 56.214; -2.941

Human settlement in Scotland

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Largo Law, a mile north of Upper Largo,
highest point of parish
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Largo is located in Fife

Location within Fife
Population 2,524 
OS grid reference NO4171402564
Council area .mw-parser-output .plainlist ol,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul{line-height:inherit;list-style:none;margin:0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .plainlist ol li,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul li{margin-bottom:0}

Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Leven
Postcode district KY8
Dialling code 01333
Police Scotland
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
.mw-parser-output .hlist dl,.mw-parser-output .hlist ol,.mw-parser-output .hlist ul{margin:0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .hlist dd,.mw-parser-output .hlist dt,.mw-parser-output .hlist li{margin:0;display:inline}.mw-parser-output .hlist.inline,.mw-parser-output .hlist.inline dl,.mw-parser-output .hlist.inline ol,.mw-parser-output .hlist.inline ul,.mw-parser-output .hlist dl dl,.mw-parser-output .hlist dl ol,.mw-parser-output .hlist dl ul,.mw-parser-output .hlist ol dl,.mw-parser-output .hlist ol ol,.mw-parser-output .hlist ol ul,.mw-parser-output .hlist ul dl,.mw-parser-output .hlist ul ol,.mw-parser-output .hlist ul ul{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .hlist .mw-empty-li{display:none}.mw-parser-output .hlist dt::after{content:”: “}.mw-parser-output .hlist dd::after,.mw-parser-output .hlist li::after{content:” · “;font-weight:bold}.mw-parser-output .hlist dd:last-child::after,.mw-parser-output .hlist dt:last-child::after,.mw-parser-output .hlist li:last-child::after{content:none}.mw-parser-output .hlist dd dd:first-child::before,.mw-parser-output .hlist dd dt:first-child::before,.mw-parser-output .hlist dd li:first-child::before,.mw-parser-output .hlist dt dd:first-child::before,.mw-parser-output .hlist dt dt:first-child::before,.mw-parser-output .hlist dt li:first-child::before,.mw-parser-output .hlist li dd:first-child::before,.mw-parser-output .hlist li dt:first-child::before,.mw-parser-output .hlist li li:first-child::before{content:” (“;font-weight:normal}.mw-parser-output .hlist dd dd:last-child::after,.mw-parser-output .hlist dd dt:last-child::after,.mw-parser-output .hlist dd li:last-child::after,.mw-parser-output .hlist dt dd:last-child::after,.mw-parser-output .hlist dt dt:last-child::after,.mw-parser-output .hlist dt li:last-child::after,.mw-parser-output .hlist li dd:last-child::after,.mw-parser-output .hlist li dt:last-child::after,.mw-parser-output .hlist li li:last-child::after{content:”)”;font-weight:normal}.mw-parser-output .hlist ol{counter-reset:listitem}.mw-parser-output .hlist ol>li{counter-increment:listitem}.mw-parser-output .hlist ol>li::before{content:” “counter(listitem)”a0 “}.mw-parser-output .hlist dd ol>li:first-child::before,.mw-parser-output .hlist dt ol>li:first-child::before,.mw-parser-output .hlist li ol>li:first-child::before{content:” (“counter(listitem)”a0 “}

.mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}List of places

.mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct,.mw-parser-output .geo-inline-hidden{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}56°12′50″N 2°56′28″W / 56.214°N 2.941°W / 56.214; -2.941

Largo (Scottish Gaelic: An Leargach)[1] is a parish in Fife, Scotland containing the villages of Upper Largo or Kirkton of Largo, Lower Largo and Lundin Links. It is bounded on the west by the parish of Scoonie, on the north by Ceres and on the east by the parishes of Newburn and Kilconquhar. It has a coastline of 2¾ miles along Largo bay. Inland it extends 3-4 ½ miles north from the south coast of Fife.[2] Area 7,378 acres.[3]

Near the eastern edge of the parish is situated Largo Law, height 953 ft.,[4] a conical hill of volcanic origin, whose summit provides an extensive view of the surrounding area and across the Firth of Forth to the Lothians. West of Largo Law is a deep ravine, through which flows a small burn, intersecting the parish from north to south for 2 miles.[2]

The name “Largo” comes from the Scottish Gaelic word for hillside: Learg; a reference to the area being on the slopes of Largo Law.[5] The original name was recorded as Leargach, with the ‘ach’ element being an early Gaelic place suffix.[6]

The Norrie’s Law hoard was found here in 1817, containing Roman and Pictish silver objects. Most was lost to bullion scrap, but the surviving pieces are now in the Museum of Scotland.

Church and mansion[edit]

The church of the parish is situated in Upper Largo and dates from 1817, although it includes stonework from the earlier church dated 1623.[7] The manse, which stands close by the west side of the Church, dates from 1760-1770, being considerably enlarged in 1822.[8]

The estate of Largo was once the most extensive in the parish, with a mansion, Largo House, about a mile west of the church in Kirkton of Largo. The Barony of Largo was conferred by James III in 1482 on Sir Andrew Wood, his naval commander, in recognition of his victories over the English. Sir Andrew caused a canal to be built from his mansion almost down to the church, thus enabling him to arrive by barge at the church each Sunday.[2] Traces of the canal may be seen behind the manse.[8]

Parish of Largo, 1927 (parish boundary shown in red)

Largo House built in 1750 [7] is now a ruin. During the second World War it served as headquarters of the Polish Parachute Brigade and in 1951 the roof was removed to avoid local property taxation.[9] Immediately west of Largo House, near Lundin Links, was Lundin House, site of the Lundin estate originating from the grant of a Barony to Philip de Lundin by Malcolm IV.[2]

In the northern part of the parish lies New Gilston, a village 3 miles north of Upper Largo, surrounded by agricultural land. It has the distinction of being the highest inhabited village in Fife. The hamlet of Woodside is a short distance to the west.[10]

The population of the parish in 1755 was 1,396,[2] 1,867 in 1801 and grew to 2,500 in 1951.[11] The civil parish now has a population of 2,524 (in 2011).[12]

Civil parishes in Scotland, as units of local government, were abolished in 1929.[13] but have been used later for census purposes.

Largo Area Community Council covers approximately the same area as Largo civil parish, plus Newburn to the east.[14] Similarly, Largo parish is united with Newburn for church purposes.[8]


  1. ^ .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output a{background:url(“//”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output a,.mw-parser-output a{background:url(“//”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output a{background:url(“//”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit} .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F} .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error, .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){ .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error, .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397} .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}“Largo”. Ainmean-àite na h-Alba. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e History of the County of Fife Vol.3, by John Leighton, 1840, p. 129
  3. ^ Gazetteer of Scotland, publ, by W & AK Johnston, Edinburgh, 1937. Article on Largo. Places are presented alphabetically
  4. ^ Ordnance Survey map Dundee and St Andrews One Inch to One Mile, publ. 1927
  5. ^ The Fife Post web site, retrieved February 2016
  6. ^ “Largo”. Fife Place-name Data. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  7. ^ a b New Statistical Account of Scotland – Vol. Fife and Kinross, by Ministers of their respective parishes, Publisher: William Blackwood, 1845, p. 434
  8. ^ a b c “See the web site of the parish church retrieved January 2016”. Archived from the original on 9 October 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  9. ^ retrieved January 2016
  10. ^ See website of Largo Community Council retrieved January 2016
  11. ^ Vision of Britain web site accessed 3 February 3, 2016
  12. ^ Census of Scotland 2011, Table KS101SC – Usually Resident Population (See “Standard Outputs”, Table KS101SC, Area type Civil Parish 1930), National Records of Scotland, accessed March 2016
  13. ^ Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929
  14. ^ “Largo area map”. Archived from the original on 6 April 2017. Retrieved 6 February 2016.


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