Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Granville

British politician and diplomat (1773–1846)

.mw-parser-output .infobox-subbox{padding:0;border:none;margin:-3px;width:auto;min-width:100%;font-size:100%;clear:none;float:none;background-color:transparent}.mw-parser-output .infobox-3cols-child{margin:auto}.mw-parser-output .infobox .navbar{font-size:100%}body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .infobox-header,body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .infobox-subheader,body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .infobox-above,body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .infobox-title,body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .infobox-image,body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .infobox-full-data,body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .infobox-below{text-align:center}

The Earl Granville

Portrait by Thomas Lawrence
Ambassador to Russia
In office
1804–1805
Preceded by Sir John Borlase Warren, Bt
Succeeded by The Lord Cathcart
In office
1807–1812
Preceded by The Marquess of Douglas and Clydesdale
Succeeded by The Viscount Cathcart
Ambassador to France
In office
1824–1828
Preceded by Charles Stuart
Succeeded by The Lord Stuart de Rothesay
In office
1830–1835
Preceded by The Lord Stuart de Rothesay
Succeeded by The Lord Cowley
In office
1835–1841
Preceded by The Lord Cowley
Succeeded by The Lord Cowley
Personal details
Born (1773-10-12)12 October 1773
Died 8 January 1846(1846-01-08) (aged 72)
Nationality British
Political party Whig
Spouse(s) Lady Harriet Cavendish
(1785–1862)
Children 7
Parent(s) Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford
Lady Susanna Stewart
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Granville, GCB, PC (12 October 1773 – 8 January 1846), styled Lord Granville Leveson-Gower from 1786 to 1815 and The Viscount Granville from 1815 to 1833, was a British Whig statesman and diplomat from the Leveson-Gower family.

Background and education[edit]

Granville was the second son and youngest child of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford from his marriage to Lady Susanna Stewart, daughter of Alexander Stewart, 6th Earl of Galloway. His elder, paternal half-brother was George Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland.

Granville was educated at Dr. Kyle’s school at Hammersmith, and then privately by John Chappel Woodhouse. He matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford, in April 1789 but never took a degree. Nevertheless, ten years later, in 1799, the honorary degree of DCL was conferred upon him.[1]

Career[edit]

Granville began his career as a member of the House of Commons, representing Lichfield from 1795 to 1799, and Staffordshire for the next sixteen years. From 1797 to 1799 he was Colonel of the 2nd Staffordshire Militia.[2] Granville served as British ambassador to Russia (10 August 1804 – 28 November 1805 and 1806–1807) and France (1824–1828, 1830[3]–1835, 1835–1841).

In 1815 he was raised to the peerage as Viscount Granville of Stone Park in the County of Stafford.[4] In 1833 during his second stint as ambassador to France, he was created Earl Granville and also Baron Leveson of Stone Park in the County of Stafford.[5][6]

Personal life[edit]

While a recent historian describes Granville as “a drab figure, the original stuffed-shirt – starch outside, sawdust within,”,[7] he was celebrated as a male beauty in his own time, with Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger comparing him to “Hadrian’s Antinous“.[8]

Lord Granville married Lady Harriet Cavendish (1785–1862), daughter of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire and Lady Georgiana Spencer, in 1809. They had two sons and two daughters:

Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Granville with his wife Harriet and their children.

Prior to marrying Lady Harriet Cavendish in 1809, Granville was the lover of Lady Harriet’s maternal aunt, Henrietta Ponsonby, Countess of Bessborough, née Lady Henrietta Frances Spencer, with whom he fathered two illegitimate children: Harriette Stewart and George Stewart. For seventeen years she “loved [Granville] to idolatry”,[9] but then, she understood that he must marry in order to further his career and assure his posterity, and so she actively collaborated in the arrangements for his wedding to Harriet (known in the family as “Harry-O”), who was understandably reluctant to marry her aunt’s lover.[10]

Granville had numerous other love affairs, including with Lady Hester Stanhope, the adventurer and antiquarian, who attempted suicide after he jilted her in 1804. It was speculated at the time, and by her biographers since, that Stanhope was pregnant at the time with Granville’s child.[11]

Lord Granville died in January 1846, aged 72. The Countess Granville died in November 1862, aged 77.[12] A younger son William died in 1833.[13]

References[edit]

.mw-parser-output .side-box{margin:4px 0;box-sizing:border-box;border:1px solid #aaa;font-size:88%;line-height:1.25em;background-color:#f9f9f9;display:flow-root}.mw-parser-output .side-box-abovebelow,.mw-parser-output .side-box-text{padding:0.25em 0.9em}.mw-parser-output .side-box-image{padding:2px 0 2px 0.9em;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .side-box-imageright{padding:2px 0.9em 2px 0;text-align:center}@media(min-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .side-box-flex{display:flex;align-items:center}.mw-parser-output .side-box-text{flex:1}}@media(min-width:720px){.mw-parser-output .side-box{width:238px}.mw-parser-output .side-box-right{clear:right;float:right;margin-left:1em}.mw-parser-output .side-box-left{margin-right:1em}}

.mw-parser-output .reflist{font-size:90%;margin-bottom:0.5em;list-style-type:decimal}.mw-parser-output .reflist .references{font-size:100%;margin-bottom:0;list-style-type:inherit}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns-2{column-width:30em}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns-3{column-width:25em}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns{margin-top:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns ol{margin-top:0}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns li{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .reflist-upper-alpha{list-style-type:upper-alpha}.mw-parser-output .reflist-upper-roman{list-style-type:upper-roman}.mw-parser-output .reflist-lower-alpha{list-style-type:lower-alpha}.mw-parser-output .reflist-lower-greek{list-style-type:lower-greek}.mw-parser-output .reflist-lower-roman{list-style-type:lower-roman}body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .reflist{column-gap:2em}

  1. ^ Chamberlain, 2008
  2. ^ Staffordshire Militia at ‘This Re-Illuminated School of Mars’.
  3. ^ .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free.id-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited.id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration.id-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription.id-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}“No. 18755”. The London Gazette. 10 December 1830. p. 2579.
  4. ^ “No. 17040”. The London Gazette. 15 July 1815. p. 1425.
  5. ^ “No. 19044”. The London Gazette. 3 May 1833. p. 835.
  6. ^ Chamberlain, 2008
  7. ^ David Wetzel, A Duel of Giants: Bismarck, Napoleon III, and the Origins of the Franco-Prussian War (2001) p. 217
  8. ^ Kirsten Ellis, Star of the Morning: The Extraordinary Life of Lady Hester Stanhope (2008) p. 77
  9. ^ Lord David Cecil Lord Melbourne Pan Books edition 1965 p. 39
  10. ^ Paul Douglass Lady Caroline Lamb New York: Palgrave-MacMillan 2004 p. 87-88
  11. ^ Kirsten Ellis, Star of the Morning: The Extraordinary Life of Lady Hester Stanhope (2008) p. 77-90
  12. ^ Chamberlain, 2008
  13. ^ Coleridge, Henry James. Life of Lady Georgiana Fullerton, London. Richard Bentley & Son. 1888, p. 78Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Lichfield
1795–1799
With: Thomas Anson
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Staffordshire
1799–1801
With: Sir Edward Littleton, Bt
Succeeded by

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by

Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Staffordshire
1801–1815
With: Sir Edward Littleton, Bt 1801–1812
Edward John Littleton 1812–1815
Succeeded by

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by

British Ambassador to Russia
1804–1805
Succeeded by

Preceded by

British Ambassador to Russia
1807–1812
Vacant

Title next held by

The Viscount Cathcart

Preceded by

British Ambassador to France
1824–1828
Succeeded by

Preceded by

British Ambassador to France
1830–1835
Succeeded by

Preceded by

British Ambassador to France
1835–1841
Political offices
Preceded by

Secretary at War
1809
Succeeded by

Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl Granville
2nd creation
1833–1846
Succeeded by

Viscount Granville
1815–1846