George Ponsonby

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George Ponsonby

George Ponsonby.
Lord Chancellor of Ireland
In office
1806–1807
Monarch George III
Prime Minister The Lord Grenville
Preceded by The Lord Redesdale
Succeeded by The Lord Manners
Personal details
Born 5 March 1755 (1755-03-05)
Died 8 July 1817 (1817-07-09) (aged 62)
Nationality British
Political party Whig
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

George Ponsonby (5 March 1755 – 8 July 1817), was a British lawyer and Whig politician. He served as Lord Chancellor of Ireland from 1806 to 1807 in the Ministry of All the Talents.

Background and education[edit]

Ponsonby was the second surviving son of the Honourable John Ponsonby, speaker of the Irish House of Commons (1756–71), and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Cavendish (1723–1796), daughter of William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire. He was educated at Kilkenny College and at Trinity College, Cambridge.[1]

Legal and political career[edit]

A barrister, Ponsonby became a member of the Irish House of Commons in 1776. He sat for Wicklow between 1778 and 1783 and subsequently for Inistioge between 1783 and 1797. From 1798 until the Act of Union in 1801, he represented Galway Borough.[citation needed] Ponsonby was Chancellor of the Irish Exchequer in 1782, afterwards taking a prominent part in the debates on the question of Roman Catholic relief, and leading the opposition to the union of the parliaments.[2]

After 1801 Ponsonby represented County Wicklow and then Tavistock in the Parliament of the United Kingdom; in 1806 to 1807 he was Lord Chancellor of Ireland, and from 1808 to 1817 he was the recognised leader of the opposition in the British House of Commons.[2]

Ponsonby had been selected as the first recognised leader of the opposition, rather than leader of an opposition, when the two leading Whig peers Lord Grenville and Earl Grey, proposed him to Whig MPs. Ponsonby was described by Foorde as “a little-known mediocrity who was related to Lady Grey”. He proved to be a weak leader, but was unwilling to resign and so retained the leadership of the party in the House of Commons until his death. He was succeeded as party leader by George Tierney.

Personal life[edit]

In Dublin, he was a member of Daly’s Club.[3]

He married Lady Mary Butler, the daughter of Brinsley Butler, 2nd Earl of Lanesborough and his wife Lady Jane Rochfort. He left an only daughter, Elizabeth, when he died in London on 8 July 1817, who went on to marry Francis Aldborough Prittie, MP, by whom she had six children.

References[edit]

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  1. ^ .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free.id-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited.id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration.id-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription.id-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}“Ponsonby, George (PNSY773G)”. A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). “Ponsonby, John s.v. George Ponsonby“. Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 62.
  3. ^ T. H. S. Escott, Club Makers and Club Members (1913), pp. 329–333
  • Walker, Brian M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922. Royal Irish Academy.
  • His Majesty’s Opposition 1714–1830, by Archibald S. Foorde (Oxford University Press 1964)

External links[edit]

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Wicklow
1778–1783
With: Hon. Robert Ward
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Inistioge
1783–1797
With: John Ussher 1783–1790
John Lloyd 1790–1797
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Galway
1798–1801
With: St George Daly
Succeeded by

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by

Member of Parliament for County Wicklow
18011806
With: William Hoare Hume
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Tavistock
1808–1812
With: Lord William Russell
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Peterborough
1812–1816
With: William Elliot
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Wicklow
1816–1817
With: Hon. Granville Proby
Succeeded by

Political offices
Preceded by

Lord Chancellor of Ireland
1806–1807
Succeeded by

New office Leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons
1808–1817
Succeeded by

Party political offices
New office Leader of the Whig Party in the House of Commons
1808–1817
Succeeded by