George Montagu, 4th Duke of Manchester

18th-century British politician and diplomat

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1790 print by John Jones, published by William Austin, after a portrait by Gilbert Stuart
British Ambassador to France
In office
1783–1784
Preceded by Alleyne FitzHerbert
Succeeded by The Duke of Dorset
Member of Parliament for Huntingdonshire
In office
1761–1762

Serving with The Lord Carysfort
Preceded by Coulson Fellowes
The Lord Carysfort
Succeeded by The Lord Carysfort
Lord Charles Montagu
Personal details
Born
George Montagu

(1737-04-06)6 April 1737

Died 2 September 1788(1788-09-02) (aged 51)
Political party Whig
Spouse .mw-parser-output .marriage-line-margin2px{line-height:0;margin-bottom:-2px}.mw-parser-output .marriage-line-margin3px{line-height:0;margin-bottom:-3px}.mw-parser-output .marriage-display-ws{display:inline;white-space:nowrap}

(m. .mw-parser-output .tooltip-dotted{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}1762)​

Children 6, including Caroline, William, Frederick
Parent Robert Montagu, 3rd Duke of Manchester

George Montagu, 4th Duke of Manchester PC (6 April 1737 – 2 September 1788) was a British politician and diplomat.

Early life[edit]

He was the son of Robert Montagu, 3rd Duke of Manchester and the former Harriet Dunch. Among his siblings were Lord Charles Montagu (who married Elizabeth Bulmer) and Lady Caroline Montagu (wife of Charles Herbert, grandson of Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke).[1]

His paternal grandparents were Charles Montagu, 1st Duke of Manchester and the former Hon. Dodington Greville. Among his Montagu relatives were uncle William Montagu, 2nd Duke of Manchester (who married Lady Isabella Montagu eldest daughter of John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu and Lady Mary Churchill) and aunt Lady Charlotte Montagu (who married Pattee Byng, 2nd Viscount Torrington).[1] His mother, a daughter and co-heiress of Edmund Dunch and Elizabeth Godfrey (the noted beauty), was a sister-in-law of Hugh Boscawen, 1st Viscount Falmouth and niece of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough.[1]

Career[edit]

Louis William Desanges – George, 4th Duke of Manchester
Kimbolton Castle

Like his father before him, Manchester was a Whig Member of Parliament for Huntingdonshire from 1761 to 1762, when he inherited his father’s title. Upon acceding to the dukedom, he employed Robert Adam to make designs for Kimbolton Castle, his principal seat.[2]

He served as Collector of Subsidies in the Port of London in 1762 and was Lord of the Bedchamber from 1762 to 1770, resigning his position after the fall of the Grafton ministry in January and went into opposition.[3] Beginning in 1782, he succeeded the Earl of Hertford as Lord Chamberlain of the Household, serving until 1783 Lord Hertford resumed his duties.[1]

He was a supporter of Lord Rockingham, and an active opponent in the House of Lords of Lord North’s American policy. In the Rockingham ministry of 1782 Manchester became Lord Chamberlain,[4] Also in 1782, he was appointed a Privy Councillor.[5] In 1783, he was appointed Ambassador to France to “supervise the conclusion of treaty negotiations between Great Britain and France, Spain, and the Netherlands.”[3] Manchester signed the Peace of Paris at Versailles for Great Britain to end the American Revolutionary War.[3]

Anton Raphael Mengs – George Montagu, The 4th Duke of Manchester – Kimbolton Castle

Manchester was Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire from 1762 until his death in 1788. He was also Grand Master of the Freemasons from 1777 to 1782 when he was succeeded by Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn.[1]

Personal life[edit]

On 22 October 1762, Manchester was married to Elizabeth Dashwood (c. 1740–1832). She was a daughter of Sir James Dashwood, 2nd Baronet of Kirtlington Park and the former Elizabeth Spencer (a daughter and co-heiress of Edward Spencer of Rendlesham). They had several children, including:[1]

Manchester was notoriously short of funds, and in 1767 it was necessary for him to sell the Manchester family London house in Berkeley Square to the banker and politician Robert Child.[2]

The Duke of Manchester died, after a brief illness, on 2 September 1788. The Dowager Duchess of Manchester died on 26 June 1832.[1]

References[edit]

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  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free.id-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited.id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration.id-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription.id-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}“Manchester, Duke of (GB, 1719)”. cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b “Kimbolton Castle, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire: designs for the house and park for George Montagu, 4th Duke of Manchester, 1763-71 (22)”. collections.soane.org. Sir John Soane’s Museum. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b c “George Montagu, 4th Duke of Manchester papers 1779-1788”. quod.lib.umich.edu. William L. Clements Library. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  4. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainMcNeill, Ronald John (1911). “Manchester, Earls and Dukes of“. In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 543–544.
  5. ^ “No. 12286”. The London Gazette. 9 April 1782. p. 1.

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Huntingdonshire
1761–1762
With: The Lord Carysfort
Succeeded by

Political offices
Preceded by

Lord Chamberlain
1782–1783
Succeeded by

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by

Ambassador to France
1783–1784
Succeeded by

Honorary titles
Preceded by

Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire
1762–1788
Succeeded by

Masonic offices
Preceded by

Grand Master of the
Premier Grand Lodge of England

1777–1782
Succeeded by

Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by

Duke of Manchester
1762–1788
Succeeded by