Francis Ingram-Seymour-Conway, 2nd Marquess of Hertford

British politician and peer

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The Marquess of Hertford

Francis Seymour Conway, 2nd Marquess of Hertford, by James Sayers, engraving by James Bretherton
Chief Secretary for Ireland
In office
1765–1766
Monarch George III
Prime Minister The Marquess of Rockingham
Preceded by The Earl of Drogheda
Succeeded by Augustus Hervey
Master of the Horse
In office
1804–1806
Monarch George III
Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
Preceded by The Earl of Chesterfield
Succeeded by William Pitt the Younger
Lord Chamberlain of the Household
In office
1812 – 14 December 1821
Monarchs .mw-parser-output .plainlist ol,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul{line-height:inherit;list-style:none;margin:0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .plainlist ol li,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul li{margin-bottom:0}

Prime Minister
Preceded by The Earl of Dartmouth
Succeeded by The Duke of Montrose
Personal details
Born 12 February 1743 (1743-02-12)
London, England
Died 17 June 1822 (1822-06-18) (aged 79)
London, England
Political party Tory
Spouses
  • .mw-parser-output .marriage-line-margin2px{line-height:0;margin-bottom:-2px}.mw-parser-output .marriage-line-margin3px{line-height:0;margin-bottom:-3px}.mw-parser-output .marriage-display-ws{display:inline;white-space:nowrap}

    (m. 1768⁠–⁠1772)​

  • (m. 1776⁠–⁠1822)​

Francis Ingram-Seymour-Conway, 2nd Marquess of Hertford, KG, PC, PC (Ire) (12 February 1743 – 17 June 1822), styled The Honourable Francis Seymour-Conway until 1750, Viscount Beauchamp between 1750 and 1793, and Earl of Yarmouth between 1793 and 1794, was a British peer and politician. He held seats in the Irish House of Commons from 1761 to 1776 and in the British House of Commons from 1766 to 1794. He served as Chief Secretary for Ireland under his father. He subsequently held positions in the Royal Household, including serving as Lord Chamberlain between 1812 and 1822.

Background and education[edit]

A member of the Seymour family headed by the Duke of Somerset, Hertford was the eldest son of Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, and Lady Isabella Fitzroy, daughter of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, born on 12 January 1743 in London.[1] He was the elder brother of Lord Robert Seymour and Lord Hugh Seymour. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford.[2]

Political career[edit]

In 1761, Hertford entered the Irish House of Commons for Lisburn,[2][3] and later represented County Antrim between 1768 and 1776.[2][3] He was sworn of the Irish Privy Council in 1775, and served as Chief Secretary for Ireland between 1765 and 1766 to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, his father.[1] In 1766, he entered the British House of Commons as Member of Parliament for Lostwithiel, changing in 1768 to represent Orford until he succeeded his father in 1794.[4]

In 1783, Hertford was defied by his tenants in Lisburn. They elected Todd Jones, a captain in the Irish Volunteer movement, on a platform calling for the independence and reform of the Irish parliament. In 1790, with Jones arguing that reform was impossible without Catholic Emancipaton, Hertford’s nominees regained parliamentary control of the borough.[5][6]

Hertford was himself sympathetic to the case for Catholic “relief” (in May 1778 he declared himself strongly in favour of the repeal of the penal acts affecting Roman Catholics) and in “A Letter to the First Company of Belfast Volunteers”, published in Dublin, 1782, he endorsed the case for Ireland’s legislative independence. He did not, however, embrace the call for parliamentary reform (abolition of the proprietary boroughs and a broader franchise) and he was averse to any further assertion of Irish independence.[7]

Hertford served under Lord North, firstly as a Lord of the Treasury from 1774, and then from 1780 as Cofferer of the Household,[8] a post he held until its abolishment in 1782. In 1780 he was also sworn of the British Privy Council.[9] He remained out of office until 1804,[10] when he was made Master of the Horse by William Pitt the Younger. He continued in this position until Pitt’s death in 1806 and later served under Spencer Perceval and Lord Liverpool as Lord Chamberlain of the Household between 1812[11] and 1821.[12]

Apart from his political career Hertford was also Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire between 1816 and 1822, and Governor of County Antrim.[2] In 1807 he was appointed a Knight of the Garter.[13]

Shortly before his death, he was refused a dukedom by Lord Liverpool.[1] In 1829, he ordered MPs beholden to him to vote for the Roman Catholic Relief Act which finally removed the Protestant monopoly on Parliament.[14]

Family[edit]

Isabella, née Ingram, Hertford’s second wife, c. 1800

Lord Hertford married, firstly, the Hon. Alice Elizabeth Windsor, daughter of Herbert Windsor, 2nd Viscount Windsor, on 4 February 1768. After her death in 1772 he married, secondly, the Hon. Isabella Anne Ingram, daughter of Charles Ingram, 9th Viscount of Irvine and Frances Shepherd, on 20 May 1776. She was a mistress of George IV. On the death of his mother-in-law in 1807, he and his wife added the surname Ingram to their own, due to the fortune they inherited from her. Lord Hertford died in London in June 1822, aged 79, and was succeeded by his son from his second marriage, Francis. The Marchioness of Hertford died in April 1834.[2]

Arms of Seymour-Conway, Marquess of Hertford: Sable, on a bend cotised argent a rose gules between two annulets of the first (Conway); quartering: Quarterly, 1st and 4th: Or, on a pile gules between six fleurs-de-lys azure three lions of England (special grant to Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, 1st Earl of Hertford (d.1552)); 2nd and 3rd: Gules, two wings conjoined in lure or (Seymour)[15]

References[edit]

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  1. ^ a b c .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free.id-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited.id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration.id-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription.id-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}Hochstrasser, T. J. (May 2008). “Conway, Francis Ingram-Seymour-, second marquess of Hertford (1743–1822)”. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/25167. Retrieved 30 December 2012. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ a b c d e thepeerage.com Francis Seymour-Ingram, 2nd Marquess of Hertford
  3. ^ a b “leighrayment.com Irish House of Commons 1692–1800”. Archived from the original on 1 June 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  4. ^ Brooke, John. “Seymour Conway, Francis, Visct. Beauchamp (1743–1822)”. The History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  5. ^ Kelly, James (1988). “The Parliamentary Reform Movement of the 1780s and the Catholic Question”. Archivium Hibernicum. 43: (95–117) 99. doi:10.2307/25487483. ISSN 0044-8745. JSTOR 25487483.
  6. ^ “Jones, William Todd | Dictionary of Irish Biography”. dib.ie. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  7. ^ “Francis (Ingram) Seymour, second Marquis of Hertford 1743-1822”. historyhome.co.uk. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  8. ^ “No. 12053”. The London Gazette. 29 January 1780. p. 1.
  9. ^ “No. 12054”. The London Gazette. 1 January 1780. p. 1.
  10. ^ “No. 15720”. The London Gazette. 17 July 1804. p. 877.
  11. ^ “No. 16580”. The London Gazette. 3 March 1812. p. 425.
  12. ^ “No. 17772”. The London Gazette. 11 December 1821. p. 2405.
  13. ^ “No. 16049”. The London Gazette. 21 July 1807. p. 974.
  14. ^ “Orford | History of Parliament Online”. historyofparliamentonline.org. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  15. ^ Debrett’s Peerage, 1968, pp.571,1036

External links[edit]

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Lisburn
1761–1768
With: Francis Price
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Member of Parliament for County Antrim
1768–1776
With: Viscount Dunluce
Succeeded by

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Lostwithiel
1766–1768
With: James Edward Colleton
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Orford
1768–1794
With: Edward Colman 1768–71
Robert Seymour-Conway 1771–84
George Seymour-Conway 1784–90
Lord William Seymour-Conway 1790–94
Succeeded by

Political offices
Preceded by

Chief Secretary for Ireland
1765–1766
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Cofferer of the Household
1780–1782
Office abolished
Preceded by

Master of the Horse
1804–1806
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Lord Chamberlain of the Household
1812–1821
Succeeded by

Honorary titles
Preceded by

Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire
1816–1822
Succeeded by

Vacant

Title last held by

The Duke of Grafton

Vice-Admiral of Suffolk
1822
Succeeded by

Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by

Marquess of Hertford
1794–1822
Succeeded by