Dudley Ryder, 1st Earl of Harrowby

British politician (1762–1847)

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The Earl of Harrowby
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
14 May 1804 – 11 January 1805
Monarch George III
Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
Preceded by The Lord Hawkesbury
Succeeded by The Lord Mulgrave
Lord President of the Council
In office
11 June 1812 – 17 August 1827
Monarchs .mw-parser-output .plainlist ol,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul{line-height:inherit;list-style:none;margin:0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .plainlist ol li,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul li{margin-bottom:0}

Prime Minister The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by The Viscount Sidmouth
Succeeded by The Duke of Portland
Personal details
Born (1762-12-22)22 December 1762
Died 26 December 1847(1847-12-26) (aged 85)
Sandon Hall, Staffordshire
Resting place Lichfield Cathedral
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse .mw-parser-output .marriage-line-margin2px{line-height:0;margin-bottom:-2px}.mw-parser-output .marriage-line-margin3px{line-height:0;margin-bottom:-3px}.mw-parser-output .marriage-display-ws{display:inline;white-space:nowrap}

Lady Susanna Leveson-Gower

(m. 1795; died 1838)​

Children 8, including Dudley and Granville
Parent(s) Nathaniel Ryder, 1st Baron Harrowby
Elizabeth Terrick
Alma mater St John’s College, Cambridge

Dudley Ryder, 1st Earl of Harrowby, PC, FSA (22 December 1762 – 26 December 1847) was a prominent British politician of the Pittite faction and the Tory party.

Background and education[edit]

Born in London, Ryder was the eldest son of Nathaniel Ryder, 1st Baron Harrowby, and his wife Elizabeth (née Terrick). Sir Dudley Ryder was his grandfather and Richard Ryder his younger brother. He was educated at Harrow School and St John’s College, Cambridge.[1]

Political career[edit]

Harrowby was elected to his father’s old Parliament seat of Tiverton in 1784. His administrative career began with an appointment to be Joint Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in 1789. In 1791 he was appointed joint Paymaster of the Forces, having been made Vice-President of the Board of Trade in 1790. He resigned the positions and also that of Treasurer of the Navy when he succeeded to his father’s barony in June 1803. In 1804 he was Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.[2] After James Monroe‘s first interview with him on 30 May 1804, “…Monroe reported to his Government that Lord Harrowby’s manners were designedly unfriendly; his reception was rough, his comments on the Senate’s habit of mutilating treaties were harsh, his conduct throughout the interview was calculated to wound and to irritate.”[3]

In 1805 he was Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster under his intimate friend William Pitt; in the latter year he was sent on a special and important mission to the emperors of Austria and Russia and the king of Prussia as part of the Hanover Expedition.[2] In 1809 he was honoured when he was made Viscount Sandon, of Sandon in the County of Stafford, and Earl of Harrowby, in the County of Lincoln. From November 1809 to June 1812 he served as Minister without portfolio in the cabinet of Spencer Perceval.[4]

From 1812 to 1827, he served as Lord President of the Council under Lord Liverpool. After George Canning‘s death in 1827, Harrowby refused to serve George IV as prime minister and never held office again. Despite this he continued to take part in politics, being especially prominent during the deadlock which preceded the passing of the Reform Bill in 1832. Harrowby’s long association with the Tories did not prevent him from assisting to remove the disabilities of Roman Catholics and Protestant dissenters, or from supporting the movement for electoral reform; he was also in favour of the emancipation of the slaves.[2] He was a member of the Literary Association of the Friends of Poland.


Lord Harrowby married Lady Susanna Leveson-Gower, daughter of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, in 1795. They had the following children:[5]

§ Earl Fortescue and George Fortescue were brothers.

Lady Susanna died in May 1838. Lord Harrowby survived her by nine years and died in December 1847 at his Staffordshire residence, Sandon Hall, aged 85, being, as Charles Cavendish Fulke Greville says, “the last of his generation and of the colleagues of Mr Pitt, the sole survivor of those stirring times and mighty contests.”[2]


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  1. ^ .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free.id-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited.id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration.id-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription.id-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}“Ryder, the Hon. Dudley (RDR779D)”. A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ a b c d  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). “Harrowby, Dudley Ryder, 1st Earl of“. Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 28.
  3. ^ Henry Adams, History of the United States of America during the Administrations of Thomas Jefferson, Library of America, 1986, p. 587 et seq.
  4. ^ Cook, C. & Stevenson, J. (1980) British Historical Facts 1760−1830. London and Basingstoke: The Macmillan Press. p.18.
  5. ^ Courthope, William, ed. (1838). Debrett’s Complete Peerage (22nd ed.). p. 175. Retrieved 17 August 2023.


External links[edit]

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Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by

Member of Parliament for Tiverton
With: Sir John Duntze 1784–1795
Richard Ryder 1795–1801
Succeeded by

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by

Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Tiverton
With: Richard Ryder
Succeeded by

Political offices
Preceded by

Comptroller of the Household
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Vice-President of the Board of Trade
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Paymaster of the Forces
With: Thomas Steele
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Treasurer of the Navy
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Foreign Secretary
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Succeeded by

Preceded by

President of the Board of Control
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Lord President of the Council
Succeeded by

Honorary titles
Preceded by

Senior Privy Counsellor
Succeeded by

Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Harrowby
Succeeded by

Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by

Baron Harrowby
Succeeded by