Charles Chetwynd-Talbot, 2nd Earl Talbot

British politician and slave holder

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The Earl Talbot

Portrait by Thomas Clement Thompson, 1844
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
3 October 1817 – 8 December 1821
Monarchs .mw-parser-output .plainlist ol,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul{line-height:inherit;list-style:none;margin:0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .plainlist ol li,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul li{margin-bottom:0}

Prime Minister The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by The Earl Whitworth
Succeeded by The Marquess Wellesley
Personal details
Born 25 April 1777 (1777-04-25)
Died 10 January 1849 (1849-01-11) (aged 71)
Ingestre Hall, Staffordshire
Nationality British
Spouse Frances Lambart (d. 1819)
Children 11
Parent(s) John Chetwynd-Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot
Lady Charlotte Hill
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford
Quartered arms of Charles Chetwynd-Talbot, 2nd Earl Talbot, KG, PC, FRS

Charles Chetwynd Chetwynd-Talbot, 2nd Earl Talbot, KG, PC, FRS (25 April 1777 – 10 January 1849), styled Viscount of Ingestre between 1784 and 1793, was a British politician and slave holder. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland between 1817 and 1821.

Background and education[edit]

Born as Charles Talbot, he was the eldest son of John Talbot of Ingestre Hall and his wife, Lady Charlotte Hill, a daughter of Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire. When John Talbot was created Earl Talbot and Viscount of Ingestre in 1784, Charles Talbot assumed the latter title as a courtesy title. His father also added Chetwynd to the family name in 1786.

He inherited his father’s earldom and the Ingestre estate in 1793, matriculated from Christ Church, Oxford in 1794 and graduated as a Master of Arts in 1797. He commissioned the architect John Nash to renovate Ingestre around 1810.[1]

Early career[edit]

After leaving Oxford, Lord Talbot joined the British embassy in Russia under Lord Whitworth, forming a lasting friendship with his boss. In 1803, Lord Talbot organised a volunteer force in Staffordshire to oppose a planned invasion by Napoleon. In 1812, he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of that county, an office he held until his death. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1813.[2]

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland[edit]

In 1817, Talbot was also appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and admitted to the Privy Council. In recognition of his rendering services to the agriculture of Ireland, he was awarded the Freedom of Drogheda and during George IV’s visit to the country in 1821, he was appointed a Knight of St Patrick. Although an opponent of Catholic emancipation, Daniel O’Connell gave Talbot credit for his impartiality and Lord Cloncurry called him ‘an honourable, high-minded gentleman’. However, the growing discontent in Ireland under Talbot’s administration, forced the Prime Minister, Lord Liverpool, to have him replaced with Lord Wellesley in December 1821.

Later life[edit]

In 1833, Lord Talbot was encouraged to stand for the chancellorship of Oxford University, but withdrew in deference to the Duke of Wellington. In 1839, in recognition of his services as Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire, Talbot received a testimonial of £1400, which he used to endow a new church at Salt, Staffordshire. A supporter of Robert Peel, he resigned as a Knight of St Patrick in place of being appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1844, on Peel’s recommendation. Lord Talbot subsequently supported the repeal of the Corn Laws, being one of the first peers to do so.

As a Staffordshire landowner, Lord Talbot gave land at Hixon for construction of the parish church in 1846 and had the Red Lion Public House at Brereton rebuilt in 1847.

Slave holder[edit]

According to the Legacies of British Slave-Ownership at the University College London, Talbot, in his capacity as an Executor of the late owner, was compensated in the aftermath of the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 with the Slave Compensation Act 1837.[3]

Talbot, as an executor of the late owner, was associated with “T71/854 St John claim no. 64A (Worthy Park)” and “T71/855 St Thomas-in-the-Vale claim no. 321A (Mickleton Pen)”. The late proprietor of Worthy Park and Mickleton Pen owned 543 slaves in Jamaica and his Will Executors and Trustees received a £4,660 combined payment at the time to distribute to the beneficiaries of the Will (worth £470,498 in 2024[4]).[5]

Family[edit]

Lord Talbot married Frances Thomasine (d. 1819), daughter of Charles Lambart, in 1800. They had eleven surviving children:

Lady Talbot died in December 1819, less than three months after the birth of her youngest child. Lord Talbot died at his home, Ingestre Hall, in January 1849, aged 71, and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Henry, who later also inherited the earldom of Shrewsbury from his distant cousin.

Ancestry[edit]

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References[edit]

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  1. ^ .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free.id-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited.id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration.id-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription.id-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}Historic England. “INGESTRE HALL (1242893)”. National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  2. ^ “Fellow Details”. Royal Society. Archived from the original on 29 March 2022. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  3. ^ “Charles Chetwynd-Talbot, 2nd Earl Talbot”. University College London. Retrieved on 20 March 2019.
  4. ^ UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). “The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)”. MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 11 June 2022.
  5. ^ “Charles Chetwynd-Talbot, 2nd Earl Talbot”. University College London. Retrieved on 15 September 2021.
  6. ^ Bain, Rev. Michael (2007). The Canterbury Association (1848–1852): A Study of Its Members’ Connections (PDF). Christchurch: Project Canterbury. pp. 79–80. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
  7. ^ “Kerr, Cecil Chetwynd [née Lady Cecil Chetwynd Chetwynd-Talbot], marchioness of Lothian (1808–1877), Roman Catholic convert | Oxford Dictionary of National Biography”. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/40737. Retrieved 13 December 2019. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Political offices
Preceded by

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1817–1821
Succeeded by

Honorary titles
Preceded by

Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire
1812–1849
Succeeded by

Preceded by

Custos Rotulorum of Staffordshire
1828–1849
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by

Earl Talbot
1793–1849
Succeeded by